Semantics

Download PDF by Peter Backhaus: Communication in Elderly Care: Cross-Cultural Perspectives

By Peter Backhaus

ISBN-10: 1441112545

ISBN-13: 9781441112545

the subject of conversation in aged care is changing into ever extra urgent, with an getting older international inhabitants and burgeoning numbers of individuals desiring care. This booklet appears to be like at this severe yet underanalyzed sector. It examines the way in which humans seek advice from one another in eldercare settings from an interdisciplinary and globally cross-cultural viewpoint.

The small physique of accessible examine issues to eldercare verbal exchange happening with its personal particular stipulations and contexts. frequently, there's the presence of varied mental/physical diseases at the a part of the care receivers, shortage of time, assets and/or flexibility at the a part of the care givers, and a mutual necessity of providing/receiving counsel with intimate own activities.

The e-book combines concept and perform, with linguistically expert research of real-life interplay in eldercare settings internationally. every one bankruptcy closes with a “Practical strategies” part that comprises feedback on how communique in eldercare will be better. This ebook is a crucial and well timed e-book that might attract researchers and carers alike.

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Get Fact Proposition Event (Studies in Linguistics and PDF

By P.L. Peterson

ISBN-10: 0792345681

ISBN-13: 9780792345688

ISBN-10: 9048148561

ISBN-13: 9789048148561

`Peterson is an expert of a philosophical and linguistic that started within the Nineteen Sixties with Vendler's paintings on nominalization. usual languages distinguish syntactically and semantically among numerous different types of what can be referred to as `gerundive entities' - occasions, strategies, states of affairs, propositions, evidence, ... all noted through sentence nominals of varied forms. Philosophers have anxious for millennia over the ontology of such issues or `things', yet till 20 years in the past they neglected the entire helpful linguistic proof. Vendler not just started to straighten out the differences, yet pursued extra particular and extra attention-grabbing questions similar to that of what entities the causality relation relates (events? facts?). And that of the items of information and trust. yet Vendler's paintings was once just a begin and Peterson has persevered the duty from then in the past, either philosophically and linguistically. Fact Proposition Event constitutes the state-of-the-art concerning gerundive entities, defended in meticulous element.
Peterson's ontology good points simply proof, proposition, and occasions, rigorously exclusive from one another. between his extra particular achievements are: a pleasant therapy of the linguist's contrast among `factive' and nonfactive structures; an in depth thought of the topics and gadgets of causation, which impinges well on motion idea; a fascinating argument that truth, proposition, occasions are innate principles in people; a idea of advanced occasions (with implications for legislations and philosophy of law); and an total photo of syntax and semantics of causal sentences and motion sentences. even though Peterson doesn't pursue them the following, there are transparent and important implications for the philosophy of technology, particularly for our knowing of medical causation, causal clarification and legislations likeness.'
Professor William Lycan, collage of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

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Read e-book online Methodologies in Semantic Fieldwork PDF

By M. Ryan Bochnak,Lisa Matthewson

ISBN-10: 0190212330

ISBN-13: 9780190212339

This quantity discusses methodological matters in accomplishing elicitation on semantic subject matters in a fieldwork scenario. In twelve chapters discussing eleven language households from 4 continents, authors draw on their lonesome fieldwork event, pairing specific methodological proposals with concrete examples in their use within the box. numerous chapters conceal matters particular to semantic themes resembling modality, comparability, demanding and element, and definiteness, whereas others specialise in elicitation options extra normally, addressing methodological matters corresponding to the construction of elicitation plans, the alternative of language during which to behavior elicitation, and the prestige of translation initiatives. jointly, the chapters of this quantity display that elicitation on semantic issues, whilst performed following sound methodologies, can and does produce trustworthy effects. Given the excessive variety of languages at the moment categorized as endangered, accomplishing one-on-one fieldwork with local speaker specialists is important for amassing new empirical findings that endure on linguistic theory.

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Get L'architecture relationnelle du texte scientifique: Essai PDF

By Alice Toma

ISBN-10: 2806631262

ISBN-13: 9782806631268

S’il existe un domaine principal pour les études sur le texte – c’est-à-dire pour l. a. linguistique textuelle ou "du discours" – c’est bien celui des family members, qu’on étiquette souvent de "logiques", entre ordonnés de propositions ou groupes d’une certaine manière unitaires de propositions contiguës <{pi} {qj}>, à touch ou à distance, explicites (signalés par des expressions "connectives", dont les connecteurs constituent un cas particulier) ou implicites (exigeant des inférences, des opérations de reconstruction). Ces relatives fondent en effet dans leur ensemble l’architecture conceptuelle du texte, ou au moins contribuent d’une façon essentielle à sa structure. Et il va de soi qu’une telle structure est à los angeles base de tout texte scientifique, mais aussi, même si moins directement, de tout texte, y compris les textes poétiques, qui paraissent plutôt exploiter l. a. measurement analogique. ‘p est los angeles reason matérielle de q’, ‘q go well with dans le temps p’ (relations extralinguistiques ou pour ainsi dire ‘ontologiques’) ; ‘q est un cas particulier de p’, ‘p est du même style de q’ (relations notionnelles) ; ou encore ‘l’assertion/l’hypothèse que p est justifiée par q’, ‘l’assertion de p est conditionnée par (la réserve) q’ sont des exemples bien connus des ces kin ‘logiques’ dans un sens très huge du terme – exemples censés donner ici une idée de los angeles variété de leur réalisations sur les différents plans de l’entité ‘texte’ (sur celui des illocutions, en particulier), en laissant de côté, bien entendu, les family members dialogiques du kind question-réponse.
Bienvenue donc à une étude fouillée et de longue haleine comme celle qui est ici proposée, qui comble, en partie au moins, une réelle lacune. Ayant (courageusement) choisi de travailler sur un exigeant corpus de textes mathématiques, Alice Toma s’est essayée à caractériser dans ses composantes centrales l’architecture relationnelle (qui ne peut être que "logique") du discours scientifique, ce qui l’a amenée à se pencher en détail sur les kin "verticales" de généralisation d’une half et de particularisation (dans ses différentes manifestations – dont l’exemplification) de l’autre. Ces kinfolk réellement constitutives de tout discours scientifique sont ainsi l’objet ici d’une examine linguistique approfondie.

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Meaning and Humour (Key Topics in Semantics and Pragmatics) - download pdf or read online

By Andrew Goatly

ISBN-10: 0521181062

ISBN-13: 9780521181068

ISBN-10: 1107004632

ISBN-13: 9781107004634

How are funny meanings generated and interpreted? realizing a comic story includes wisdom of the language code (a topic generally of semantics) and heritage wisdom important for making the inferences to get the shaggy dog story (a subject of pragmatics). This booklet introduces and opinions a variety of semantic and pragmatic theories relating to humour, resembling systemic useful linguistics, speech acts, politeness and relevance thought, emphasising not just conceptual but in addition interpersonal and textual meanings. Exploiting fresh corpus-based learn, it means that a lot humour might be accounted for by means of the overriding of lexical priming. each one chapter's dialogue subject matters and recommendations for extra analyzing inspire a severe method of semantic and pragmatic idea. Written via an skilled lecturer at the linguistics of the English language, this is often an wonderful and elementary textbook for complicated scholars of semantics, pragmatics and humour studies.

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Download e-book for iPad: Grammars of Space: Explorations in Cognitive Diversity by Stephen C. Levinson,David P. Wilkins

By Stephen C. Levinson,David P. Wilkins

ISBN-10: 0521671787

ISBN-13: 9780521671781

ISBN-10: 0521855837

ISBN-13: 9780521855839

Spatial language - that's, the way in which languages constitution the spatial area – is a crucial sector of analysis, supplying insights into probably the most imperative components of human cognition. during this assortment, a workforce of best students evaluation the spatial area throughout a wide selection of languages. opposite to present assumptions, they exhibit that there's nice version within the means area is conceptually based throughout languages, therefore substantiating the arguable query of ways a ways the principles of human cognition are innate. Grammars of area is a complement to the mental details supplied in its significant other quantity, area in Language and Cognition. It represents a brand new type of paintings in linguistics, 'Semantic Typology', which asks what are the semantic parameters used to constitution specific semantic fields. complete and informative, it will likely be crucial studying for these engaged on comparative linguistics, spatial cognition, and the interface among them.

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Download e-book for iPad: Word Meaning and Belief: Volume 14 (Routledge Library by S.G. Pulman

By S.G. Pulman

ISBN-10: 1138690481

ISBN-13: 9781138690486

First released in 1983, the purpose of this booklet is to diagnose linguists’ failure to boost passable theories of lexical that means, then to suggest the necessities that one of these idea may still meet and, drawing on paintings in philosophy and psychology, to take the 1st steps in the direction of pleasurable those requisites. It starts through discussing the paintings of Quine at the indeterminacy of translation and it really is proven that makes an attempt by way of linguists to reply to Quine’s arguments by means of presenting common ‘semantic primitives’ or their equivalents is unsatisfactory. The relation among the speculation of be aware that means and the speculation of categorisation is explored, and a substitute for Rosch’s ‘family resemblance’ account of the ‘prototype’ influence in either nouns and verbs is equipped. the writer argues that identity of yes implicit different types like ‘action’ and ‘event’ might be regarding ideas of individuation, and builds at the paintings of Kripke and Putnam on right names and common sort phrases. This e-book may be of curiosity to scholars of linguistics and the philosophy of language.

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What is Meaning?: Fundamentals of Formal Semantics by Paul H. Portner PDF

By Paul H. Portner

ISBN-10: 1405109173

ISBN-13: 9781405109178

ISBN-10: 1405109181

ISBN-13: 9781405109185

What is that means? basics of Formal Semantics is a concise advent to the sector of semantics because it is de facto practiced. via basic examples, photos, and metaphors, Paul Portner offers the field’s key principles approximately how language works.

  • Explains the basic principles and a few of the main major result of smooth semantic theory
  • Combines foundational dialogue with simplified analyses of complicated phenomena to supply readers with a feeling of the fascination to be present in the main points of the human language
  • Includes routines and thought-provoking inquiries to facilitate learning

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Get 'COME' and 'GO' off the Beaten Grammaticalization Path PDF

By Maud Devos,Jenneke van der Wal

ISBN-10: 3110335913

ISBN-13: 9783110335910

ISBN-10: 3110484730

ISBN-13: 9783110484731

This variation brings jointly a few lesser identified grammaticalization paths travelled via ‘come’ and ‘go’ in time-honored and not more usual languages. No unmarried ebook quantity has been devoted to the subject of grammatical goals diverse from stressful and element to this point. This research increases our perception in grammaticalization methods typically as they strength us to reconsider convinced elements of grammaticalization.



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New PDF release: The Routledge Handbook of Semantics (Routledge Handbooks in

By Nick Riemer

ISBN-10: 0415661730

ISBN-13: 9780415661737

The Routledge instruction manual of Semantics offers a large and state of the art survey of this box, protecting semantic study at either note and sentence point. It offers a synoptic view of an important parts of semantic research, together with modern methodologies and debates, and indicating attainable destiny instructions within the box.



Written by means of specialists from world wide, the 29 chapters conceal key concerns and techniques in the following areas:





  • meaning and conceptualisation;



  • meaning and context;



  • lexical semantics;



  • semantics of particular phenomena;



  • development, swap and version.



The Routledge instruction manual of Semantics is crucial interpreting for researchers and postgraduate scholars operating during this area.

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